Punjabi Curriculum

Punjabi Curriculum Guidelines and Teaching Instructions

Level 1 - Mastery of the Alphabet

Duration: One or two semesters

Students in Level 1 will be able to

Identify the shape and sound of the Gurmukhi alphabet

Read simple two-three letter words

Name the rainbow colors in Punjabi

Count up to ten in Punjabi

Say the Sikh greetings of Sat Sri Akal

Materials:

1. Stepping Stones- PSL-The Beginnings Book-1 Penty Akhri or Let's Learn Gurmukhi-The Gurmukhi Letters

2. Mukta Word-1

3. Gurmukhi Sulekh

4. Counting 1-10 Poster

5. The Rainbow Poster

REMEMBER: YOU WILL NOT BE ABLE TO WORK ON ALL BOOKS EVERYDAY!!!

Suggested Instructional Activities: In 45-50 minutes, you should be able to;

1. Recite all Penty Akhari each day for 3-4 times. Make sure the students are pointing to the letters as you say them.

2. Introduce the new letter, and practice the sound of that letter - ask the students to say many words that have the sound of that letter in it. Write these words on the board.

3. Write the letter many times to teach writing. (may take long time).

4. After the students have learned a few of the letter sounds, students write their own Mukta words by joining those letters e.g. h+s= hs = laugh. You may use the Mukta Words -1 book to teach them the Mukta words.

5. Teach names of colors of the rainbow. Use the poster. Practice each color by using it to color the pictures in Gurmukhi Letters. The instruction in colors should be complete in 3-4 weeks. Then keep on practicing the words in class.

6. After teaching the colors, use 5-10 minutes each day to teach the numbers 1-10 in Punjabi. Ask each student to tell their age in Punjabi, count body parts (iek n~k, do A~KW, pMj augMlIAW etc.) Use the poster to review the numbers.

7. Create a Punjabi word book by joining letters to make words. Students may copy or write their own words and draw pictures to go with each letter.

8. Assign homework for at least half an hour for Punjabi. e.g. write all the letters learned so far, five times each. Write your name in Punjabi three times. Write vocabulary words for the letter learned for the day.

9. Keep contact with the parents, and keep a record of the students' performance and progress in your Teacher Record Book.

Level II - Mastery of the Gurmukhi Matras

Duration: One semester/year

Students in Level II will learn

The Lagaan Matra symbols and their sounds

The special sound modifiers in Punjabi

Names of the days of the week, months, and seasons

Counting up to 25

Materials:

1. The Mukta Word-1

2. Gurmukhi Sulekh

3. Stepping Stones: The Beginnings Book-2 The Matras

4. Colors Chart for the new students

5. Counting Sheet

NOTE: YOU WILL NOT BE ABLE TO WORK ON ALL BOOKS EVERYDAY!

Suggested Instructional Activities: In 45-50 minutes, you should be able to;

1. For first two-three weeks, work on the Mukta Word Book to review the

Penty Akhri. That book will allow you to review all Penty Akhri in an interesting way. As students learn the words in this book, they will be able to use the Matras to build new words.

2. To teach new Matras, use Lets Learn Punjabi-Gurmukhi Vowels. Teach one or two Matras on one day depending on the ability of the children.

3. Discuss the sound of each Matra. Ask the students to give you examples of the sound of the Matra. Read all the words in the lesson. Teach the meanings of the words to build vocabulary. The students must complete each lesson.

4. Teach the names of colors using the poster. Talk about the colors in their clothes, in Gurdwara etc. After teaching the colors for about 3-4 weeks, teach the numbers. Use the poster, body parts, students in class or any common objects to practice the numbers. Students should say the Punjabi word for each number up to 25 (iek, do, iqMn, etc.).

5. Create a Punjabi Dictionary with the number, color and other vocabulary words.

6. Assign homework in Punjabi that will take about half an hour at home.

7. Remember to check homework. Contact parents if the student fails to do homework. Use rewards from the treasure box to encourage good work habits.

8. Keep contact with the parents, and keep a record of the students' performance and progress in your Teacher Record Book.

Level III -Beginning Reading

(Words, simple sentences, poems and short stories)

Duration: One Year

Students in Level III will learn to

Read simple text in Punjabi

Write a simple essay about themselves

Develop a good base in vocabulary, including counting up to 50

Materials:

1. Modern Punjabi-1 and 2

2. The Stepping Stones Vocabulary Book- 1 and 2

3. Colors poster

4. Counting Poster

Suggested Instructional Activities: In 45-50 minutes, you should be able to;

1. Start the day with one lesson in the Vocabulary Book-1. Ask the students to read, and memorize the words. Students may work in pairs to practice the words. Assign to write each word 2-3 times for homework. Students may want to draw pictures and label them with the words that are learned in today's lesson.

2. Read a lesson from Modern Punjabi-1. Teach the meanings of words and reading by reading to them first, then asking them to read aloud. Read the same story 2-3 times to build fluency.

3. Use 2-3 weeks to teach the colors of the rainbow. Practice the names of the colors in writing, coloring and clothes that the students wear.

4. After finishing the colors, start teaching counting using the number poster. Students should be able to say the Punjabi word for each number and also recognize the Gurmukhi numbers. Teach 5-10 numbers each week. Assign the number writing for homework. Students may make little counting books with objects in the house. How many family members, how many pairs of shoes, T-shirts, pants, suits, bangles, books, pencils etc. they have in their home?

5. Play some vocabulary games. Rhyming words, words with the same meanings, writing nouns with three adjectives etc. For example iF~lI - ib~lI; sohxI-mohxI; cMgI, ipAwrI, in~GI mMmI.

6. Create a Punjabi Dictionary with the words they are learning.

7. Discuss the seasons, festivals associated with each season, the months they come in etc. Ask students to write these names. They may do a report on one festival.

8. Homework for Punjabi should be assigned for about half an hour in the week. It could be copying a paragraph from the book, writing meanings of difficult words, writing answers to questions in the story read in the class, or writing a story or an essay on a topic of your or their choice.

9. Keep contact with the parents, and keep a record of the students' performance and progress in your Teacher Record Book.

Level IV - Intermediate Reading

(Simple short stories)

Duration: One year

Students in Level IV will be able to

Read short stories, Sakhies, essays, and poems with relative ease, understand the text and be able to answer questions from the text

Do counting up to 100 in Punjabi

Develop understanding of the basic concepts of Punjabi grammar.

Materials:

1. Punjabi Diaan Mehkaan-1

2. Counting poster 1-100

Suggested Instructional Activities: In 45-50 minutes, you should be able to;

1. Start the day with one lesson in Punjabi Diaan Mehkaan -1 every week. Practice the vocabulary words in class. The students must copy the words. Work on one story/essay each day. Read the story loud to/ with the students. Discuss as you read. Ask the students to summarize what they understand from each paragraph. Teach difficult words. At the end of each story are numerous follow-up reading, writing and grammar activities. Do some in class and assign the rest for homework.

2. You may also want to assign some common words as spelling words. Choose the words that the students will use in their writing often. Assign homework activities with these spelling words (write three times each, use each word in a sentence etc.)

3. Make sure the students at this level are familiar with the colors of the rainbow, and counting numbers up to 100. You may choose how and when you work with these concepts. For example, you may want to teach colors for 2-3 weeks, then you may teach about 10 numbers each week. Focus on grammar concepts as much as possible.

4. The students should be able to role play in class to develop oral Punjabi skills, for example, you may discuss problems they face at school. Choose topics like Your Favorite Day of the Week, Your Favorite Holiday etc. for the students to speak on the topic.

5. Create a Punjabi Dictionary with the new vocabulary words learned each day. Ask the to draw pictures for the new words.

6. Half an hour Homework for Punjabi should be assigned for the week. They may write or copy poems and stories for homework from books or newspapers for long term projects . Students must read Punjabi at home everyday for 10-15 minutes.

7. Keep contact with the parents, and keep a record of the students' performance and progress in your Teacher Record Book.

OTHER SUGGESTIONS:
1. Sharing of homework in class to develop oral Punjabi language skills.

2. Students may translate English stories into Punjabi and vice versa.

3. Give dictation in class.

Level V - Advanced Reading Level 1

(Longer Sakhies)

Duration: One Year

The students in Level V will be able to

Read Punjabi fluently and understand what they read

Write answers to question in complete sentences.

Learn counting upto 1000 and beyond in Punjabi.

Materials:

1. Roohani Punjabi-5

Suggested Instructional Activities: In 45-50 minutes, you should be able to;

1. Start the day with writing in a journal. Sample topics provided. Allow 7-8 minutes to write. In the meantime you may check homework, take attendance etc. Then ask 2-3 students to share their journal with the class.

2. Next work with a Roohani Punjabi book. Work on one story each day. Read the story loud to/ with the students. Discuss as you read. Ask the students to summarize what they understand from each paragraph. Go over difficult words. At the end of each story are numerous follow up activities. Do them in class or assign them for homework.

3. Work on one lesson in Punjabi Diaan Mehkaan every week if you need to supplement Roohani Punjabi Readings. Students should learn the vocabulary in this books. They may use the new words in sentences Yoo may assign vocabulary building exercises such as - list all the objects in Gurdwara, kitchen, bedroom, yard etc. They may make theme books.

4. Teach names of colors for two three weeks. When students have learned the colors, you may want to teach about 10-20 numbers each week. You must teach all the concepts within one year, order does not matter.

5. Assign homework every week to enforce practice. Assign composition of poems and essays for homework or long term assignments. Students must read at home everyday for 5-10 minutes. Or they may work on the exercises at the end of their reading books.

6. Keep a record of the students' performance and progress in your Teacher Record Book.

OTHER SUGGESTIONS:
1. Writing a biography of a family member, autobiography, family tree etc.

2. Presentation of reports in the class

3. Essay writing competion in class

4. Add words to the dictionary created earlier, or create a new one.

5. Categorize vocabulary words from Dharam Pothi into different parts of speech (nouns-singular, plural; pronouns; adjectives; verbs; adverbs; gender etc. Besides this basic grammar, the students should be instructed in conjugating verbs, making negative sentences, formulating questions, present and past continuous sentences etc.

Level VI - Advanced Punjabi Level 2

Duration: One Year

The students at this level are supposed to have learned everything from the previous levels. Any material they have not learned, must be assigned and learned by the student. For example they must;

Be able to write an essay about themselves

Take dictation in Punjabi

Have a good base in vocabulary, as taught in Punjabi Shabad Bhandaar 1 & 2, including counting upto 1,000.

Read short stories, Sakhies, essays, and poems fluently, understand the text and be able to answer comprehension questions from the text orally and in writing

Materials:

1. Roohani Punjabi-4

REMEMBER: YOU WILL NOT BE ABLE TO WORK ON ALL BOOKS EVERYDAY!

Suggested Instructional Activities: In 45-50 minutes, you should be able to;

1. Start the day with writing on a journal topic. The sample topics are provided. Allow about 7-8 minutes to compose the writing and then ask 2-3 students to volunteer sharing it with class. This will encourage reading, writing and oral fluency in students.

2. Then read one story in Roohani Punjabi. Work on one story/essay each day. (depending on the length. If not finished in class, assign for HW). Read the story aloud to/ with the students. Discuss as you read. Ask the students to summarize what they understand from each paragraph. Go over difficult words. Assign vocabulary activities such as writing the difficult words up in their notebooks and learn their meaning. They may also use these words in sentences to develop further understanding of the meanings. Drawing pictures to illustrate the new words also facilitates learning. At the end of each story are numerous follow up activities. Do some of them in class and assign the rest for homework.

3. Work on vocabulary words from the story and do the vocabulary activities. The students may work alone, in groups or as a whole class. The students must memorize the words from each lesson. You may ask the students to use each word in a sentence, and write a paragraph using a number of words from each lesson.

5. You may want to select Gurbani Shabads, Sloaks by Farid and Kabir to discuss meanings and to copy at home. In this way you can teach Gurbani and Punjabi at the same time.

6. Students at this level should be able to read and understand longer Punjabi text. To build proficiency will require extensive reading and writing of the Punjabi language. Homework for half an hour or so for the week should be appropriate.

7. Keep contact with the parents, and keep a record of the students' performance and progress in your Teacher Record Book.

Level VII/VIII - Advanced Punjabi- Level 3 & Gurbani Reading

The students at this level are supposed to have learned everything from the previous levels. Any material they have not learned, must be learned by the student. For example they must

Be able to write a simple essay about themselves

Take dictation in Punjabi

Have a good base in vocabulary, as taught in Punjabi Shabad Bhandaar 1&2, including counting up to 1,000.

Read a literary text, and answer comprehension questions from the text

Materials:

1. Sanchies for Gurbani reading practice

2. Other Teacher selected Sikh Literature Readings

3. Dharam Pothi- 7-8

Suggested Instructional Activities: In 45-50 minutes, you should be able to;

1. Start the day with writing on a journal topic. The sample topics are provided. Allow about 7-8 minutes to compose the writing and then ask students to volunteer sharing it with class. This will encourage reading, writing and oral fluency in students.

2. Then read a few pages from Dharam Pothi. Read aloud to/ with the students. Discuss as you read. Ask the students to summarize what they understand from each paragraph. Go over difficult words. Students may want to write the difficult words up in their notebooks and learn their meaning. They may also use these words in sentences to develop further understanding of the meanings. Drawing pictures to illustrate the new words also facilitates learning. At the end of each story are numerous follow up activities. Do some of them in class and assign the rest for homework.

3. Select vocabulary words from the book. The students may work alone, in groups or as a whole class. The students must memorize the words from each lesson. You may ask the students to use each word in a sentence, and write a paragraph using a number of words in each lesson.

4. Ask students to draw pictures of the setting of the story, the characters etc. for homework. This will help build comprehension of the story. Drawing a pictures requires understanding of the text.

5. Recite Path from the Sanchies to give them Gurbani reading practice.

6. Keep contact with the parents, and keep a record of the students' performance and progress in your Teacher Record Book.


Punjabi Instructional Resources

Level 1 Gurmukhi Letters

1. Stepping Stones-The Beginnings Book-1 (Penty Akhri)

or Let's Learn Gurmukhi-The Gurmukhi Letters

2. The Rainbow Colors Poster

3. Mukta Word-1

4. Counting 1-10 poster

Level II Gurmukhi Vowels

1. The Mukta Word-1

2. Gurmukhi Sulekh

3. Stepping Stones-The Beginnings Book-2 Gurmukhi Matra

4. Colors Chart

5. Counting Poster 1-25

Level III Beginning Reading

1. Modern Punjabi-1 & 2

3. Stepping Stones Vocabulary Words-1 & 2

4. The Counting 1-50 Poster

Level IV Intermediate Reading

1. Punjabi Diaan Mehkaan-1

2. Vocabulary books if needed

3. Counting poster 1-100

Level V Advanced Reading-Level 1

1. Roohani Punjabi- 5

2. Counting poster 1-1000

Level VI Advanced Punjabi and Gurbani Reading-Level 2

1. Roohani Punjabi-4

2. Counting poster 1-100,000

Level VII-VIII Advanced Punjabi and Gurbani Reading-Level 3

1. Dharam Pothi-7-8

2. Other Teacher Selected Literature Readings & Dharam Pothi-7

Written by Pushpinder Kaur: email: singhELD@aol.com